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Working With Grade Point Averages - A Tutorial

While your grade card or transcript display your Semester and Cumulative GPA, there are times when you need to be able to calculate your GPA for yourself. Perhaps you need to know what grades you must earn to hit a 3.0 Cumulative, or perhaps you just want to know your major GPA. We've tried to include enough information on this page to help you figure out how to answer these types of questions.

First, each grade (A, A-, B+, etc.) has a different value. The values are as follows:

A 4.000
A- 3.666
B+ 3.333
B 3.000
B- 2.666
C+ 2.333
C 2.000
C- 1.666
D+ 1.333
D 1.000
D- 0.666
F 0

If you multiply the grade you received times the credits for the course, you get what we call "Grade Points". If you add up the Grade Points earned in each course, and divide by the total graded credits (don't forget to include the credits for failed courses). Here is an example:

Course Grade Grd Value Cred Grade Pts
HIST-111 B+ 3.333 3


MATH-190 C 2.000 4


POLS-111 C+ 2.333 3


SOCI-101 A- 3.666 3


PSYC-101 F 0.000 3


TOTALS     16 35.996

After adding up the Grade Points for each course (the column on the right), total the graded credits. To get your GPA, simply divide the total grade points by the total credits. In the above example, the GPA is (35.996 / 16) or 2.249.

Notice that the 3 credits from PSYC-101 were included even though the grade received was "F". Even if the credits don't count in the "Total Credits Completed", those credits do count against the GPA. That is why it is so important to retake failed courses as soon as possible.

To calculate your major GPA, simply work out the Grade Points for each of your major courses, sum the graded credits, and divide the credits into the Grade-Points.

Now that we've discussed the methods behind calculating your GPA, here is a link to a utility to make it a little easier.

GPA Calculating Utility

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