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Logo The content below is information specific to this academic programs's fields of interest.

Course Descriptions

Each student majoring in Environmental Science will complete:

  1. The Core Courses
  2. The Environmental Applications
  3. The Group I Electives
  4. One trak of specialization in either Biology, Chemistry, or Social Science and the accompanying electives for that track

Listed below are course descriptions for the Core Courses and the Environmental Applications. For a complete list of all Environmental Science Curriculum, please go to the Major Requirements page.

For descriptions of electives or Environmental Science track courses, please use the following link to access the Muskingum University online catalog.

Core Courses

BIO 105/107, Issues in Biology, Environmental Science
Co-requisite: 107
Environmental Science examines the basic principles of evolution,
ecology, and population biology. These principles lay the groundwork
for a detailed look at world biodiversity, conservation, sustainable
resource use, and anthropogenic-based water and air pollution.


BIO 111/107, Organismal Biology II
Co-requisite: 107
Studies the principles of biological evolution; examines the defining characteristics of all of the major animal phyla and introduces the major principles of ecology and animal behavior.

BIO 112, Organismal Biology II

Co-requisite: 107
Studies the structure and function of various organ systems in vertbrates. Examples from plants and invertebrates are frequently used to emphasize diversity, adaptability, and evolution.

BIO 107, Biology Laboratory (Co-requisite for BIO 105, BIO 111, and BIO 112)
A series of lab topics which explore biological processes through observation and experimentation


CHEM 111, 112, General Chemistry
Deals with the structure of matter and the principles governing physical and chemical changes, developing the skills and techniques of analytical chemistry through inquiry. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory.

CHEM 235, Environmental Chemistry
Prerequisite: CHEM 112
Focuses on the study of current environmental problems including acid rain, ozone depletion, global climate change, urban air pollution, and ground water contamination. Laboratory work will emphasize concepts of special importance in environmental chemistry as well as field sampling and analysis. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory.

GEOL 101, Introduction to Geology

Studies forces, processes, and events which have shaped our physical environment. Laboratory and field trips.


GEOL 110, Environmental Geology
Focuses on the interaction between humans and geologic environment. Geologic phenomena such as flooding, volcanoes, earthquakes, shoreline, and soil erosion are examined. Environmental problems to be discussed include groundwater pollution, geologic constraints on sewage and solid waste disposal, resource utilization, acid rain, and the greenhouse effect. Students will gain a strong understanding of how geology influences many of these environmental problems. Laboratory and field trips.

GEOL 104, Earth History

Prerequisite: GEOL 104 or 110
Studies the methods and principles employed in deciphering the geologic history of the earth and the development of life. Emphasis is upon the geological evolution of the North American continent and the main features of the fossil record. Laboratory and field trips.

MATH 140, Statistics
Prerequisite: Three years of University preparatory mathematics or MATH 090
Presents basic statistical concepts and utilizes the computer. No prior computer experience is needed.

PHEN 121, 122. Classical Physics I, II
Recommended Co-requisites:  MATH 190 for PHEN 121 and MATH 200 for PHEN 122.
A calculus-based presentation of kinematics, mechanics and thermodynamics in the first semester, followed by sound, light and electromagnetism in the second semester.  3 hours of lecture, 1 hour of recitation, and 2 hours of laboratory. 

Environmental Applications

EVSC 121, Environmental Issues
Presentation and discussion of selected topics of importance in environmental science. This course, team-taught by the environmental science faculty, permits students to explore this broad field through general readings and discussion.

EVSC 421, Topics in Environmental Science
Prerequisite: Environmental Science major core completed or prior approval of internship
A seminar course, team-taught by the Environmental Science faculty, explores in detail, through reading and discussion of recently published reports and topics in the field. Environmental Science majors must take the course for a least one credit. May be taken for additional credit.

EVSC 422, Advanced Internship in Environmental Science
Prerequisite: Junior standing, core completed, prior approval of internship
Requires the successful completion of a minimum of 120 hours during either a semester or a summer as an intern in an environmentally related situation.

EVSC 428, Environmental Science Senior Research
Prerequisite: Environmental Science major with senior standing
Laboratory, field, and/or library research on a topic related to environmental science. The project will be selected in consultation with a faculty member and will involve a literature search and experimental work.